Missed step one? Find it here.
It’s not what happens to you, but how you react to it that matters. Epictetus
Let’s use our superhuman powers and argue against Epictetus.
Counterclaim: If you are born into a difficult home situation where there is neglect and poverty, then sometimes it doesn’t matter what attitude you take. You can’t think positive thoughts in the midst of despair. You should do everything in your power to escape it. So Epictetus offers a very unrealistic way of dealing with problems. It certainly matters what happens to you because that is what set the guidelines for what is possible for you to do to get out of a bad situation.
The essential question underlying this debate is one that has vexed philosophers for centuries:
Essential Question: Is our life guided by free will or determinism?
Think about spots in your curriculum when you can show the tension between these two forces at work.